Implementing Standardized Patients Within Simulation in a Nurse Practitioner Program


      • Creating ambulatory care simulation environment for primary care nurse practitioner student simulations can be challenging.
      • The students rated the debriefing experience as consistently effective at helping them to identify how to improve or sustain good performance.
      • Further research should focus on innovative, resource-effective strategies to use standardized patients within simulation for primary care nurse practitioner student teaching and evaluation.



      Nurse practitioner (NP) faculty need to think strategically about how to best implement simulation using standardized patients (SPs) for primary care NP courses. This pilot study sought to identify barriers and strategies to facilitate the use of SPs in a NP program.


      NP students participated in an ambulatory care simulation using a SP. Students completed the Debriefing Assessment for Simulation in Healthcare (DASH)© student version, short form, after the simulation.


      Students rated the simulation debriefing experience as effective in helping them improve or sustain good performance.


      Although SPs portrayed a realistic ambulatory care environment, barriers are identified along with suggestions to overcome these barriers.


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